A cataract is a clouding of the lens in your eye. The lens, made mostly of proteins and water, can become so clouded it keeps images from getting through the lens to your retina. What causes cataracts? Eye injuries, certain diseases, and in some cases even the kind of medication you may be taking. Cataracts can not be helped by laser, diet, or lifestyle changes. Fortunately, cataract surgery is one of the safest procedures available today, and one of the most successful. It is an outpatient procedure that is essentially painless. At Kokopelli Eye Care, our cataract specialist is ready to help you focus on better vision today and far into the future.
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One of the leading causes of blindness, glaucoma affects millions of people worldwide. Vision loss may be permanent or irreversible before most people are even aware they have glaucoma. That is precisely why everyone over the age of forty should have a routine glaucoma test. Kokopelli Eye Care offers a dedicated glaucoma specialist who can detect glaucoma early, before it can do harm. Our glaucoma test can detect higher than acceptable pressure on the optic nerve, which can impair vision over time. Our specialist will determine risk factors, checking the inter-ocular pressure, and the vision itself. There is no cure for glaucoma, but it can be controlled. Treatment may include eye drops, laser, and surgery.
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Diabetic retinopathy is the most common eye disease in persons with diabetes. Caused by changes in the retina's blood vessels, it is a leading cause of blindness in American adults. In some people with diabetic retinopathy, retinal blood vessels may swell & leak fluid, while in others, abnormal new blood vessels grow on the retina's surface. These changes may result in vision loss or blindness. Although a diabetic retinopathy cannot be prevented, the risk of developing can be reduced by having a dilated eye examination once a year, and strictly managing diabetes. Treatment for diabetic retinopathy may include laser surgery and vitrectomy. Vitrectomies are particularly effective in persons with insulin-dependent diabetes, who may be at a greater risk of blindness due to a eye hemorrhage.
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Ptosis is a condition in which the eyelid droops. It is caused by a weakness or separation of muscles deep within the eyelid. Ptosis does not involve excess skin or tissue in the eyelid (a condition called dermatochalasis). It is usually a result of aging, but some people develop ptosis after eye surgery or an injury, and some children are born with the condition. A brief surgical procedure can eliminate the drooping. Many young patients with mild to moderate ptosis do not need surgery early in life. Patients who are also suffering from excess skin may choose to undergo blepharoplasty at the same time as ptosis repair. Children with ptosis should be examined regularly to check for other vision problems including amblyopia ("lazy eye"), refractive errors and muscular diseases.
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A pterygium is a raised growth in the surface of the eye (the conjunctiva) made mostly of collagen and tiny red capillaries. They are usually caused by extended exposure to sunlight. They may remain stable after appearing, or they may grow and affect vision.
Treatments include eye drops for irritation and redness, protection from sunlight and dust to prevent the pterygium from worsening, and occasionally steroids to lessen inflammation.
If the pterygium grows into the central cornea, surgical removal is recommended. This prevents the pterygium from altering the cornea's shape and affecting vision.
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